Here is the recording for the third beginner Skype lesson. You can subscribe to this podcast with iTunes from the following link:
This time, you can tell it’s spring because of the background noises from the birds. Sorry about that and the big delay but I’ve been too lazy for various reasons. Details of the next beginner lesson and lesson date will be posted afterwards in another post. (For those of you who asked, yes, I’m still planning on doing more lessons.)
To add to the previous lesson, the topic particle is not the subject like in English. There is no such thing as a subject in Japanese.
It is only the topic and doesn’t have to be directly related to the rest of the sentence.
For example, 「レイさんは、学校です。」 doesn’t have to mean that the Ray-san is a school.
So far, we have learned how to use 「元気」 to describe how you are doing. I managed to cleverly hide the fact that 「元気」 is an adjective. Actually, 「元気」 can also be a noun but so far we have been using as an adjective as a description of your well-being.
There are two types of adjectives: na-adjective and i-adjectives.
Na-adjectives are almost the same as nouns as we have seen with 「元気」. The difference is that you can directly modify a noun by attaching it directly in front of the noun with a 「な」. (Hence the name)
１．有名な人 – famous person
２．便利なところ – convenient place
The other type of adjective are called i-adjectives. They are called that because they end in the hiragana 「い」. Unlike the na-adjectives, they do not need anything to directly modify nouns. Just attach them to the front of the noun.
１．広い部屋 – wide room
２．面白い人 – interesting person
You may have noticed, some na-adjectives end in 「い」 such as 「きれい」. You should pay careful attention to them. 「嫌い」 is another example of a na-adjective that ends in 「い」.
As we have seen, the negative for na-adjectives is the same as nouns. Just add 「じゃない」.
The conjugation rules for i-adjectives are slightly different from na-adjectives and nouns.
For the negative tense, you first need to remove the last 「い」 and attach 「くない」.
For the polite form, add 「です」 at the end for both i-adjectives and na-adjectives.
※Important Exception: いい、かっこいい
The original version of いい was よい. As a result, all conjugations are based on よい and not いい.
The 「の」 particle
One of the main functions of the 「の」 particle (besides many others) is used to show ownership, same as the English word, “of”. However, the order is the possessor followed by 「の」 followed by the possession.
Xさんの部屋 = room of Xさん