LearnJapanese Tae Kim's Guide to Learning Japanese





Verbs

Posted by Tae Kim

Similar to the state-of-being for nouns and adjectives, the verb always comes at the end of the sentence. In fact, if you consider the implied state-of-being for nouns and adjectives as a verb, it could be said that all complete sentences always end with a verb.

At the end of the last chapter, we learned how to set expectations by seeking or providing explanations with 「の」. The same thing applies for verbs.

Example

  1. (お)すし - sushi (「お」 is an optional honorific prefix)
  2. 食べる 【たべ・る】 - to eat
  1. おすしは、食べる?
    Do you eat sushi?
  2. おすしは、食べる
    You eat sushi?
    (seeking explanation why he/she eats sushi as opposed to a neutral question "Do you eat sushi?")

I love sushi!

  1. 大好き 【だい・す・き】 (na-adj) - lovable; very likable
  2. 生 【なま】 - raw
  3. 魚 【さかな】 - fish
  4. すごい (i-adj) - amazing

スミス: おすしは、食べるの?
Smith: As for sushi, (you) eat (it)?

ジョン: うん、大好きだよ!
John: Yes, I love (it)!

スミス: でも、生の魚だよ。
Smith: But (it's) raw fish, you know.

ジョン: だから?
John: So?

スミス: すごいね。
Smith: (That's) amazing.